Human papillomavirus


❗️The main risk factor for developing cervical cancer (CC) is infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) 🦠

There are over 100 different types of HPV and; however, most do not cause cancer.

About 80% of women contract HPV during their lifetime. Most often, the body’s immune system gets rid of the virus on its own❗️

There are HPVs of low and high oncogenic risk:

🟢Low oncogenic types – 6 and 11 – can cause genital warts. They are low-risk types because they rarely cause cervical cancer.
You do not need to be examined on them❌

🔴Highly oncogenic types – 16,18,31,33,35,39,45,51,52,56,58,59,66, 68 – can cause cervical cancer. The most dangerous are 16 and 18 types.
It is for highly oncogenic types that you need to be examined❗️

✅HPV is transmitted through direct skin-to-skin contact, including sexual intercourse, or any other contact that involves the genital area.
❌You cannot get HPV by touching an object, such as a toilet seat.
❗️Most people infected with HPV do not have any symptoms.

⚠️Most HPV infections are temporary and go away on their own within two years.

❗️If the virus persists (10–20% of cases), there is a chance of developing cervical precancer or cancer. However, this usually takes many years.

Human papillomaviruses on surface of skin or mucous membrane, a virus which causes warts located mainly on hands and feet. Some strains infect genitals and can cause cervical cancer. 3D illustration

Since HPV is sexually transmitted, having multiple sex partners increases the risk of cervical cancer 👆🏻
Condoms provide only partial protection, but that doesn’t mean they should be neglected❗️
Smoking 🚭 can quadruple your risk of cervical cancer, as well as having a disease or taking medications 💊 that weaken the immune system.

🔬HPV sampling is carried out from the cervix, it is determined “qualitatively” by PCR.
❌Not performed during menstruation, after vaginal examination (pelvic ultrasound, colposcopy).